Monday, January 13, 2020

Fast Food Nation Synthesis

Sarah Whitaker Mrs. Kurtz A. P. Language and Composition 6 February 2013 The Meatpacking Industry: One of the Most Dangerous Jobs in the U. S. A report from the American Meat Institute shows that the U. S. is home to about 6,000 meatpacking plants. Millions of jobs all over the country are made through meatpacking plants. These low paying, risky jobs are swept up by men and women, these people unknowing of what exactly they have gotten themselves into. The meatpacking, today, has become one of the most dangerous jobs in America.As found by Steven Greenhouse of the New York times, â€Å"†¦the nation’s meat packing industry has such bad working conditions that it violates basic human and worker rights. † Ever since the publication of the famous book by Upton Sainclair–The Jungle— people all over the world have found it necessary for inspections to be considered and for changes to be done with little success. Workers in today’s plants seem to have the same problems that were faced almost 100 years ago.The Appleseed Center For Law found an estimated â€Å"total of 62 percent of those interviewed said they had been injured on the job in the past year, a rate seven times higher than the government’s official statistic for slaughterhouse workers†¦. †, as found in Reprt:Line Speed, Injuries Increase for Slaughterhouse Workers. So what happened to the much needed safety laws? It’s simple really, they just aren’t being followed. Many workers today, who live in horrible working conditions day by day to make their living for them and their families, are not being treated as they are meant to be and this has only made the industry bigger.One person quits or gets hurt and another is there, easily filling the new open position. Complaints don’t help either, as found by Gail Eisnitz, also cited in Reprt:Line Speed, Injuries Increase for Slaughterhouse Workers, â€Å"Slaughterhouse workers talk of a production system that moves to fast†¦despite numerous complaints to management—as well as countless injuries—the companies refuse to make changes because slowing the process would mean not making as much money. † As found in Eric Schlosser’s ook Fast Food Nation the underlying fact is that with power and money there comes damaged morals. The big business owners just don’t care! Now that the secrets are out and the industry is â€Å"naked† to the public now, the people are not calling the industry â€Å"The Jungle of the 2000s†, an article put out by the Associated Press States. Martin Cotez as interviewed by the Associated Press says, â€Å"You know what I like to say to the newcomers? They don’t kill cows. They kill people. † This, a response to his own story description, just puts a whole new label on the industry; murderers!Sinclair’s book published so long ago still seems to have barely effected the ind ustry of today. As discussed in Fast Food Nation, Schlosser also speaks of the injury of workers throughout chapter 8, effectively titled â€Å"The Most Dangerous Job. † One example of the horrible working conditions also comes from Fast Food Nation, Jesus â€Å"A soft spoken employee of DCS Sanitation Managerment, Inc† Talks of an experience he had on one of his cleaning duties, â€Å"One night while Jesus was cleaning, a coworker forgot to turn off a machine, lost two fingers, and went into shock.An ambulance came and took him away, as everyone else continued to clean. He was back at work the following week. ‘if one hand is no good,’ the supervisor told him,’use the other. ’† Not only did the supervisor not care, a person was injured and still returned to the job he obviously needed. So what needs to be done? Obviously whatever it is, its not happening. So even though the demand for food is high in this nation, what’s more imp ortant, our food or our citizens? increased demand at slaughterhouses has caused a rise in work related injuries† according to a report by a Nebraska-based non-profit. People in these plants are getting hurt not only because it’s what the job demands but because the more we as consumers want, the more the big industry owners will demand more work. So what will we as American citizens do? Work Cited â€Å"American Meat Institute. †Ã‚  American Meat Institute. Web. 8 Mar. 2013. â€Å"Report: Line Speeds, Injuries Increase for Slaughterhouse Workers. † Digging Through the Dirt, 8 Oct. 2009. Web. 7 Feb. 2013. Greenhouse, Steven. † Meat Packing Industry Criticized on Human Rights Grounds. † The New York Times. The New York Times Company, 25 Jan. 2005. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. â€Å"Dangers, tensions lurk in meatpacking industry†. Associated Press. Breaking News & Top Stories World News, US & Local: NBC News, 24 Apr. 2006. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. â€Å" Safety and Health Guide for the Meatpacking Industry. † Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. Schlosser,Eric. Fast Food Nation. New York: Harper And Perennial,2005. Print.

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Biology The structure of Luciferase - 1588 Words

Proteins play a fundamental role in the existence of living organisms. They are major contributors of cell structure and mobility, hormonal interaction, information exchange, and, most importantly, regulation of essential reactions. Enzymes are proteins that activate or inhibit the conversion of a substrate to a product. Often, enzymes catalyze reactions that are crucial for biological processes, but a few regulate other aspects of life, such as communication between a species. The enzyme luciferase catalyzes the reaction that allows fireflies to communicate with each other via emission of a yellow-green to yellow-orange colored light (Nakatsu, T. et al., 2006, 372). This reaction is a bioluminescence reaction, where chemical energy†¦show more content†¦et al., 2006, 373). Researchers have taken a closer look at the structure of the active site that facilitates the bioluminescent reaction; they found the Arg218 residue plays a heavy role in the secure binding of luci ferin. The guanidinium side chain of Arg218 is particularly responsible for binding with the benzothiazole ring of the luciferin substrate. Moreover, Arg218 establishes electrostatic interactions with the ground state product of the phenol group ionization of luciferin, yet Arg218 also stabilizes the final excited state phenolate ion of oxyluciferin (Branchini, B.R., Magyar, R.A., Murtiashaw, M.H., and Portier, N.C, 2001, 2415-2416). The proper binding of luciferin determines the color of the light emission and is dependent on the amount of rotation of the excited oxyluciferin molecule. To further understand the role of Arg218, researchers created a mutant enzyme without the Arg218 residue to determine its impact on substrate production. When researchers converted the Arg residue to Lys, there was a 15-fold increase in Km for luciferin; the Km value suggests the substrate binding affinity of the enzyme. The increase in Km shows that luciferase has a lowered affinity to bind wit h substrates. This shows that a manipulation of the Arg218 residue can affect the catalytic activity of the enzyme. Usually, the enzyme loses its high binding affinity with luciferin.Show MoreRelatedMirna Essay1141 Words   |  5 Pagesof HIV-infected patients with HAND, differing from HIV-infected patients without HAND. To investigate this association between host miRNA expression and HAND development, with HIV-1 biology, brain miRNA profiles were observed in patients with and without HAND. This study also connected two different areas, HIV-1 biology and peroxisome function in the brain, providing insights into HAND. The function of peroxisomes for antiviral signaling is a relatively new. This study shows that the infection of HIV-1Read MoreCell Cycle And Dna Rn Mirnas Regulating Cellular Proliferation During Oncogenic Transformations Essay1076 Words   |  5 Pagescycle profile is also checked by flow cytometry. Cell proliferation and in vivo cytotoxicity is studied by MTT ass ay and colony formation assay. To further validate the putative target of miRNA, luciferase-based reporter assay is done by cloning the 3’ UTR of predicted target gene downstream the firefly luciferase gene in pmirGlo vector. shRNA Lentiviral mediated gene knock down is also done for the target protein by cloning the miRNA hairpin downstream the U6 promoter in pLKO.1 vector. Before joiningRead MoreBioluminescence in Fungi2114 Words   |  9 PagesThis aspect of bioluminescence especially interested early scientists who explored it. The light is the result of a biochemical reaction in which the oxidation of a compound called Luciferin and the reaction was catalyzed by an enzyme called Luciferase. The light generated by this biochemical reaction has been utilized by scientists as a bioindicator for Tuberculosis as well as heavy metals. On going research involving bioluminescence is currently underway in the areas of evolution, ecologyRead MoreRunx2 Binding Protein and the Regulation of Osteogenesis1786 Words   |  8 PagesA chromatin immunoprecipitation assay was then carried out, amplifying the binding site of TSSC1 with specific primers. Next, a luciferase assay was conducted by amplifying the TSSC1 promoter and cloning the fragment into luciferase reporter plasmids. The results of luciferase activity were measured using an assay kit and results were normalized again Renella luciferase. An invasion assay was conducted in vitro using Matrigel staining and finally, bone lesions were analyzed by radiography. TheRead MoreMapping Protein Proteins Of A Living Cell1424 Words   |  6 Pagescellular processes that occur inside a living cell. Recent advances in biological research have strongly instigated the need to map biochemical networks for improved understanding of living cells. Apart from prediction and determination of protein structures to ascribe them potential functions, characterization of proteins also needs to address how and when the proteins interact with other counterpart proteins to bring about much desired orchestration in the cellular physiology. Simultaneously, incredibleRead MoreThe Rna Interference ( Rnai ) Pathway2224 Words   |  9 PagesThe RNA interference (RNAi) pathway is an important biological system that is utilised by many organisms as a method of regulating gene expression. But what exactly is RNAi? And what is the importance of its use and application in biology? RNAi is a cellular process that actively silences specific genes. This method of post-translational gene regulation has been observed in many organisms including plants, fungi, some bacteria and animals. RNAi inhibits protein synthesis of the target transcriptRead MoreInfluenza A H1N1 Virus1818 Words   |  8 Pagesby acidification. (Gamblin Skehel, 2010) Neuraminidase (NA) is responsible for the removal of sialic acid from the membrane lipid bilayer from both of the virus glycoproteins. NA has a six-bladed, individually four antiparallel strands of ÃŽ ²-structure. (Gamblin Skehel, 2010) In the process of viral replication NA removes sialic acid resulting in the newly replicated genome to re-envelop and infect other cells versus aggregating with each other through HA-sialic acid interactions. The locationRead MoreThe Oceans And Its Effects On The World s Oceans2236 Words   |  9 Pagesthat the populations relocate to a different area, and then an issue arises with the species invading another territory, or the species simply dies off because their bodies cannot function. But, a recent study performed by several marine science and biology university professors showed that two different species of Atlantic Salmon may have actually developed the capability for cardiac acclimation to warmer water temperatures. Normally, cardiac colla pse begins around 21-23 °C with a maximum heart rateRead MoreThe Use Of Animal Models And Sirna Technologies On Autosomal Dominantly Inherited Neurodegenerative Disease3557 Words   |  15 Pages There are two main strategies to endogenous delivery, first is the siRNA and mRNA are two separate transcripts which hybridises to form the active dsRNA complex. The second is where the hairpin structure occurs as the siRNA and mRNA form part of the one transcript with separated by a loop. The structure can then be cleaved by the dicer creating active siRNA. (Sioud, 2004) Concluded by several research groups; short hairpin siRNA molecules can be synthesised from the expression on a plasmid. The

Saturday, December 28, 2019

5 Instances When Interracial Dating Is a Problem

Interracial dating isnt without its problems, but today interracial relationships enjoy more support in the United States than they have at any point in history. While two decades ago, fewer than half of Americans approved of interracial marriage, now 65 percent of all Americans support such relationships, and 85 percent of young people do. Attitudes toward interracial marriage are so progressive that some people prefer to exclusively date interracially. But are they doing so for the wrong reasons? There are a number of reasons not to date interracially, including for social status, because it’s trendy or to remedy a rocky love life. Dating interracially with misguided motives will inevitably lead to problems. To End the Losing Streak in Your Love Life You’ve dated a long line of losers—deadbeats, cheaters, manipulators. They all belonged to your racial group, so you figure you’ll have better luck dating someone of a different race. That’s because deadbeats, cheaters and manipulators only come in one color, right? If only things were that simple. The reality is that you’ll have to do much more than land a love interest with a different skin tone from yours to end destructive dating patterns. The answer to your romance problems isn’t crossing the color line but examining why you’re drawn to inappropriate partners. To Gain Status The idea of dating interracially to gain social status may seem peculiar. After all, interracial couples face discrimination that may lead to distinct disadvantages. Because the United States remains racially stratified, however, it’s considered advantageous for members of oppressed groups to pair up with those of more powerful groups. From the Antebellum Era on, such partnerships have allowed people of color to gain access to a quality of life that likely would’ve eluded them otherwise. Although today racial minorities can largely succeed in society on their own, some elite people of color may feel the need to score a spouse from another race to boost their image or better fit into the corporate landscape. As noted in the short story collection You Are Free, â€Å"The world out there insisted as soon as a black man made it, he should marry a white woman. As soon as a black woman made it, she should marry a white man.† No one should date interracially due to external pressures. If Barack Obama won his presidential campaign with a black woman at his side, it’s certainly not necessary for, say, a businessman to date interracially for the purpose of upward mobility. In an ideal world, people wouldn’t enter romantic relationships for what they stand to gain from their partners. This isn’t to say that every successful minority who dates or marries interracially does so with ulterior motives. But just as some high-powered men pursue trophy wives, some members of minority groups pursue mates from the dominant culture for status. Everyone Else Doing It Wherever you look, you see interracial couples. Your friends, colleagues and relatives are all dating interracially or have in the past. Given this, you decide to take the plunge as well. After all, you don’t want to be the odd one out or, even worse, the boring one. Soon, you’re visiting interracial dating websites, and prospective dates from a variety of racial groups lie at your fingertips. Why isn’t this a wise move? The race of your date shouldn’t be the main draw for you nor should your dating patterns be influenced by what’s trendy now. The common interests and chemistry you have with a person should be the driving force for your decision to pursue a relationship. Interracial couples face real challenges. The person who becomes part of such pair because it’s hip or trendy won’t be prepared to deal with them. Rebellion Many parents tell children outright which racial groups they approve of them dating and which racial groups they forbid them to date. Actress Diane Farr is a case in point. Now married to a Korean-American man, Farr had been told growing up that her boyfriends could only be German, Irish, French or Jewish. No blacks and no Puerto Ricans, though, or you are out of my house, Farr recalled her mother saying. Farr did go on to date black and Puerto Rican men, however, and her parents came around. Farr defied her parents’ dating rules because she formed genuine connections with men from minority backgrounds. Some people, in contrast, flout their parents’ wishes simply to rebel. No child should feel pressured to go along with their parents’ racist beliefs. At the same time, it’s irresponsible to seek out partners you know your parents would disapprove of just to rebel against them. The mates you seek out certainly won’t appreciate being used as fodder in the war with your parents. If you disagree with your parents’ views on race, challenge them directly by broaching discussions about the issue with them. And if you and your parents have other problems, don’t try to hurt them by dating interracially. You’ll only end up hurting your date and yourself for behaving so insensitively. You Feel Inferior It’s no secret that society fosters a sense of inferiority in certain racial groups. This leads some members of minority groups to experience self-hatred. Such people are not only ashamed of their culture but of the physical features they have that reflect that culture. If they could erase every trait that singles them out as belonging to their minority group, they would. Since that’s impossible, they settle for seemingly second best—coupling up with someone from a different race to make them feel better about themselves or to produce children without their telltale ethnic features. A person this insecure is unlikely to make a good partner. As the old saying goes, you can’t love someone until you love yourself. Rather than dating across ethnic lines for validation, such people need to learn how to feel better about who they are. Seeking therapy, reading up on their cultural background and surrounding themselves with positive images related to their ethnic group may help.

Friday, December 20, 2019

Black Like Me Book Report - 979 Words

Grace Haskin Communication Research: Book Report November 21, 2014 Black Like Me Black Like Me is a research diary kept by John Griffin in 1959. Griffin, a white male, is bothered by racism and wants to experience what it is like to be black. He begins taking medication and rubs shoe polish on himself to darken the color of his skin to temporarily pass as a black man. Sepia, a black oriented magazine, sponsors Griffin’s study in exchange for written articles about the experience. With his new identity, Griffin travels to New Orleans, Alabama and Mississippi, where a black man was just murdered by a mob. He immerses himself within the black community and finds a sense of hopelessness. The black community is feeling hopeless because no one will hire them and they can only use the bathroom, eat and shop in designated â€Å"black† areas because of their race. Even though his skin color is the only thing about him that has changed, he is mistreated everywhere he goes. Becoming hopeless himself, Griffin stops taking his medication and allows his skin to fade back to white. Using shoe polish to switch between the two races, he experiments going places as a black man and then again as a white man. While he is white, white people treat him with dignity and black people are afraid of him. While he is black, he is welcomed by the black community and white people are hostile towards him. Griffin returns home to write his story, which goes viral. Though he receives a lot of positiveShow MoreRelatedBlack Like Me: a Cultural Book Report910 Words   |  4 Pagessaid. Because of this he felt that they had encouraged him to cross the color line and write Black Like Me. Plot: Black Like Me is the story of a man named John Howard Griffin, who underwent a series of medical treatments to change his skin color temporarily to black; a transformation that was complete when John Howard Griffin shaved off his hair, and looking in the mirror, saw a bald, middle-aged black man. The reason he does this is for an experiment to see how racism was in the Deep South fromRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book A New Generation 1604 Words   |  7 PagesA New Generation The book being used for this report is called Countering the Conspiracy to Destroy Black Boy by Jawanaza Kunjufu. The type of book can be categorized as black studies, psychology. The book can be used for parents seeking advice, community activists, church members and educators. The book could also be used as a helping tool to assure the correct development of how African American boys can grow into strong, responsible and educated men in America’s society. Kunjufu answers severalRead MoreJohn Howard Griffin s Black Like Me1647 Words   |  7 PagesGriffin embarked on a revolutionary journey—to darken the color of his skin and experience racism in the Deep South firsthand. While considered extremely controversial at the time, the experiences recorded by Griffin in his book, Black like Me, are still discussed today. The book has continued to inform readers about oppressive prejudice in America, and aided them in realizing that bias, while hidden, is still prevalent tod ay. It has inspired a new generation to work towards equality, while warningRead MoreGang Leader for a Day: Book Review1413 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿ Gang Leader for a Day Book Review It takes a lot of guts and no small amount of courage and cunning to infiltrate a street gang in the tough neighborhoods of Chicago, but that is what Sudhir Venkatesh did as a 23-year-old graduate student at the University of Chicago. In order to find out first-hand how a gang that earns its money selling crack cocaine functions from the inside, Venkatesh dared to get involved on a superficial basis with the gang. But Venkatesh wasnt seen as person who wasRead MoreDr Nehisi Coates, An American Educator, Journalist, And Writer1086 Words   |  5 PagesCoates write the book Between the World and Me but he also wrote The Beautiful Struggle.Before reading this book I had no clue who Ta-Nehisi Coates was. When I first read that we had to do a book report I immediately froze up because I hate reading books. I prejudged Between The World And Me before I even opened the book. I inferred that it would be a very boring just by looking at the cover over the book, looks can be deceiving. Ta-Ne hisi had three goals when he decided to write this book. He explainedRead MoreI Am A Firm Believer870 Words   |  4 Pagesdemonstrated in the book, there are many viewpoints and sides of our historical past that are ignored and not told to the mass for everyone to be able to understand and learn from such mistakes that are made then. Does that mean that there is no hope? I would not jump to such drastic conclusions, but I am a firm believer after taking this class that as long as certain individuals have the power to control what the media reports and what not to report, what are written in our history books for schools, andRead MoreA Rose For A Slave Girl By Harriett Jacobs Essay1260 Words   |  6 PagesThis book by Harriett Jacobs tells her story through her eyes from the suffering of enslavement by a territorial master, failed attempts to escape, and preservation of her family. These events took place between 1813-1897 in North Carolina, where slaves were property and slave o wners did what they wanted; when they wanted with their property. She explains her cruel treatment as an African American slave and how she used her sexuality to her advantage against her master. In reviewing this book, JacobsRead MoreBlack Like Me By John Howard Griffin966 Words   |  4 PagesEthnicity: Black Like Me â€Å"If a White man became a Negro, what adjustments would he have to make?† (Griffin pg. 2) First published in 1961, Black Like Me by John Howard Griffin is moving yet troubling autobiography about a privileged white man in America who has taken on the role of a Black man, a much more deprived status. Griffin is narrator, author, protagonist and main character. From both a black and white perspective, the writer hopes to better understand and convey what life was like for theRead MoreAmes s Long Battle Against Lynch Law1257 Words   |  6 Pagesof this book is a fascinating study over Jessie Daniel Ames, who was a southern woman who played major roles in several local social movements between the two world wars- as the very first President of the Texas league of woman voters, leader in the Texas Equal Suffrage Association, Director of Woman’s Work for the Commission on Interracial Cooperation in the 1920’s, and following that decade as the head of the a ssociation of southern Woman for the prevention of Lynching (ASWPL). The book deals bothRead MoreI Meet My Hero Kanye West1410 Words   |  6 Pages15 and I absolutely hated reading. Summer after summer I would begrudgingly read my schools assigned summer reading books or figure out a way I could not read the books and still complete my assignments. The summer before my sophomore year of high school was looking no different. With two weeks left before school started I hadn’t even logged onto my schools website to check which books I was supposed to read. What I was far more excited about was saving money to see Kanye West and Jay-z when they came

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Music during elizabethan age Essay Example For Students

Music during elizabethan age Essay Shakespearean Interpretation and Implementation in Twelfth Night. The Elizabethan Age, a time of English nationalism and flourishing arts, was part of the Renaissance in England. Queen Elizabeth I was the Queen of England and Ireland from 1558-1603. The rise of nationalism in England was seen through cultural developments and the increased production of dramatic and literary works. Music came to be a representation of society, mood, theme, emotion and people themselves. Music also changed the way plays were understood and performed. One of the greatest playwrights happened to live during this transformation from the Medieval Era to the English Renaissance William Shakespeare who embraced what was happening with music, people and the impact it could make on his work. Shakespeare was able to incorporate music splendidly, which enabled him to make a grand form of entertainment more brilliant and breathtaking for his audience. Queen Elizabeth was very fond of poetry, music and drama which led to court members to support the arts and paved the way for theatres where the works of William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe and John Fletcher, to name a few, were performed. (http://tailboard. Ace. Due) During Shakespearean time music was ever evolving as an important form of entertainment and as an expressive tool in individuals daily lives. Music was transforming during the Renaissance becoming more refined and beautiful sounding than during the Medieval era. Elizabethans were extremely sensitive to beauty and grace; they had an undying enthusiasm for music and poetry. Music was everywhere in the streets, homes, church. It helped ease the stress of the common mans daily live and if one loud not read or understand music he was thought to be poorly educated. Playwrights like Shakespeare who acknowledged the ways of society and searched for ways to better connect with their audiences turned to the implementation of music in the plays that were performed on stage. In general music has always been able to express feelings/emotions, escape life as known to us, excite and enrich our mind and soul while lifting ones self confidence. It has a way to transport the listener to another time or place what better way to enhance a play before special effects were efficient and nearly impossible to make seamless? Shakespeare inserted music in his plays with the idea of using it as an entertainment tool, as a way to support the dramatic progression of his plays. He himself had a belief in the healing and transformational power of music and also in musics ability to tame the savage beast or, to control nature. (Martin, RAG yahoo article) Shakespearean plays usually were composed of verses that tended to be exquisitely musical. When you entwine music and verse they serve as enhancements to one another making the flow of the play seem seamless to the audience. William Shakespeare was able to further the audiences understanding of the characters and also to experience the play on a visceral level by incorporating songs within the play. The songs offered poetic imagery and often had the sound of sweet melodies. Often the songs of Shakespearean plays exerted as much, if not more, dramatic intensity as the speeches within the play itself. Many times the music gave a chance for comic relief in serious when not to use music in his plays he understood that during his era, the Elizabethan Age, that it was expected that there be at least one musical performance n every play and he delivered, regardless. A great example would be in As You Like It; Shakespeare added songs Just for the sake of having songs in the play and to benefit the Duke who commissioned the play (wry. Statues. Com. ) The songs that Shakespeare used in his plays played several roles. Sometimes the song was meant to be atmospheric/background, while others were placed within the play to be metaphors or to serve the purpose of foreshadowing. Often songs were used to resolve and/or address issues the play itself could not due to time constraints, sources and lack of technical advancements available. It is interesting to note that v ery rarely did Shakespeare choose the major characters to sing unless in disguise or if in a distracted mental state. .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680 , .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680 .postImageUrl , .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680 , .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680:hover , .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680:visited , .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680:active { border:0!important; } .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680:active , .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680 .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ub5c26104aa5ccd23898180d2b38d0680:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Polyphonic HMI: Mixing Music and Math EssayUsually the songs were performed by fools, clowns, servants, rogues or minor personalities. The music was also used to give the audience a more in-depth analysis of the singers personality through either the words or performance. William Shakespeare has been dubbed a creative genius for the way he carefully inserted music to support his overall dramatic goal of the work. RAG Martin article) A great example of his understanding of this great tool is greatly displayed in his play Twelfth Night. The Twelfth Night is a comedy by Shakespeare that is bursting with music. This comedy includes instrumental serenades and rousing drinking songs extremely different types to help the idea of sadness and happiness within the work. In total there are seven songs throughout the play, the most musical of all of Shakespearean works. The play begins and ends with music. This could have been to keep the audience attention from the very beginning and to keep the audience in the know all wrought the play. In the opening song a self-pitying love song, we are introduced to Rosin and learn of his unrequited love for Olivia and his great desire to secure his overly romantic idea of what love is. The song is untitled and does provide the audience with insight into Rosin and sets up the plot of the play nicely. O Mistress Mine is found in the second act of Twelfth Night and is performed by Fest, the fool in the play. The song serves as a carper diem that reminds us that we all will age and death is inevitable. This second song contradicts Rosins views as he refers to seek out the unattainable and relishes in the pain it brings him rather than embrace his youth and enjoy not only love but life itself. The play is fast moving as is full of chaotic behavior and repercussions due to the decisions made by the characters but as a comedy this is great and the songs compliment the situations well. We are introduced to a few rowdy, drunken characters and it is only fitting to have a party song to accompany a night of riotous behavior in song 3 Hold Thy Peace. Fest delivers another performance in act 2 with the fourth song Come Away Death Elizabethan_period. HTML)

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Resource Management Act 1991

Question: Describe about the Resource Management Act 1991. Answer: Introduction RMA- Resource Management Act was introduced in New Zealand in the year 1991 basically outlining guidelines about how to manage the environment. Thus it concentrates on managing the natural and physical resources such as land, water and air. The said Act has three main significances. Firstly it is the sole integrated framework which manages all the resources under one roof rather than multiple regimes. Secondly it has inculcated within its regime the concept of sustainability and thirdly the main purpose of RMA was development of a sustainable environment. It is basis this purpose that all the other rules and regulations are spelt out. Another very distinctive characteristic of the RMA is that it promotes participation of the public in the decision making process. Key Sections Of Rma That Delegate Responsiblities To Local Government RMA delegates responsibilities to the regional and district council. The key sections of the Act that delegates such responsibilities are section 28A wherein the Act requires the Regional council to provide adequate data to the minister of conservation when needed. Section 30 which defines what the functions of the regional council are under the said Act, Section 31 looks into the functions of the territorial authorities, Further section 31A delegates some powers of the local government to the minister of conservation. Thus this section basically concentrates upon delegation of responsibilities to the local government both regional as well as district level (Smith, 1999). Section 28A, delegates to regional council with the responsibility to supply with adequate data about how the council has been monitoring the coastal permits in relation to the region or data regarding the regional coastal plan or what rights are being exercised by the council for the protection of the coastal region. Upon receipt of a notice from the ministry, the council is required to supply information within three weeks or such time as decided. Section 30 and 31 is the most important sections which defines the functions of the regional and the territorial authorities respectively. Section 30 defines the following responsibilities of the regional council: Timely pronouncements, implementation and reviewing of the objectives, policies and the methods so as to fulfil the basic purpose of the said Act i.e. incorporated administration of the various natural and physical resources of that particular region. To prepare various policies with regards the actual or expected results of the use of the land which has a major impact on the said region. The regional council has to ensure conservation of soil, dealing with natural calamities with regards land, Maintenance and augmentation of the waters quality of water bodies as well as the coastal waters. Continuous examination of the land so as to be able to monitor which part is polluted. Controlling discharge of pollutants into land, air or water. Controlling the water bodies with regards the quality, usage, flow damming as well as level of the water. The coastal marine area should also be looked after the said council but in collaboration with the Minister of Conservation (Andrews, 2015). Section 31 defines the below mentioned responsibilities of the territorial authorities. Similar to the regional councils responsibility, it has to ensure timely establishment, implementation and reviewing of the various policies and methodologies with regards the land, air and water. Controlling the noise level so as to avoid hazards related to noise pollution Controlling harmful activities being conducted on the surface of the water such as in rivers and lakes. Controlling various effects caused on the land due to its usage or development such as contamination, usage of hazardous materials and maintaining original biodiversity ((Legislation.govt.nz. 2016). Difference Between The Responsibility Of The Regional And Territorial Autorities It may seem that the two authorities have similar responsibilities but there exists some differences between the two. They are: The regional council looks after the sustainable well being of the region as a whole whereas the local or territorial authorities look after the sustainable well being of the district. The territorial authorities control the effect that usage of land has , controls the noise level, and the effects that the activities have on the surface of the water of lakes and rivers. But the regional council covers a wider area. It keeps a check on the usage of freshwater, land, air and coastal waters as well. It look after the navigations at the harbours, road transports by ensuring that the roads are well maintained and connected and manages the rivers as well taking charge of the floods and erosional activities of the rivers (Localcouncils.gvt.nz. 2016). Rotorua Lake Council District Plan Purpose The RMA 199, mandates the local authorities to prepare various district plans which would focus mainly on managing the physical and natural environment. It basically mentions the rules and regulations with regards the usage of the land and buildings. One such plan was the Rotorua Lake Council District Plan. The purpose of the said plan is sustainability of the large amount of natural resources found in that district. The region is susceptible to volcanic eruptions due to which the land is always at a very high risk with regards its quality thus the purpose is to address the said issue of volcanic eruptions and ensure that a healthy community is developed. The area is full of lakes and other wet lands hence another purpose is to improvise upon the quality of the lake water. The district is a very good tourist spots as it boasts of naturally made islands, mountains and similar such scenic beauties, hence management and protection of the same is also a top priority of the said plan (Min istry for the Environment. 2016). Summarization Of Purpose Of Part 8- Business And Innovation Of The Rotorua District Council Plan The main purpose of this part is to ensure that the business houses develop parks which would help to develop the social and economical well being of the entire district by providing employment to people thus improvising upon the overall productivity as well as the GDP levels. This also enables to draw attention of skilled workers, good business houses to become a part of the Rotorua district which helps to fulfil one of its strategy i.e. Rotorua Sustainable Economic Growth Strategy (Rotorualakescouncil.nz. 2016). Policy Outcomes Of Part 8 Of The Distrct Plan The outcome for which the said part of the plan was developed is enumerated as under: Incremental sustainable and competitive forest and industrial belt. Increasing the employment rate of both skilled as well as semi-skilled workers. To ensure development of more business parks and keeping a check upon the strength of the city centre and the amenity of the industrial, countryside and residential environment (Rotorua Districts Councils Records, 2016). Thus the said Act ensures that the environment of the island is protected and maintained in a sustainable manner. References: Andrews, H. (2015). Boom Review: Focus on Resource Management Law. Retrieved from https://www.lawsociety.org.nz/practice-resources/research-and-insight/legal-publications/book-review-focus-on-resource-management-law Rotorua Districts Councils Records, (2016), Part 8- Business and Innovation, Retrieved from https://geo.rdc.govt.nz/BOPLASS/Tiny/TRIM.aspx?recNum=RDC-656746 Rotorualakescouncil.nz. (2016). District Plan. Retrieved from https://www.rotorualakescouncil.nz/our-services/planningservices/districtplan/Pages/default.aspx Legislation.govt.nz. (2016). Resource Management Act 1991. Retrieved from https://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1991/0069/latest/whole.html#DLM232533 Localcouncils.gvt.nz. (2016). Councils roles and functions. Retrieved from https://www.localcouncils.govt.nz/lgip.nsf/wpg_url/About-Local-Government-Local-Government-In-New-Zealand-Councils-roles-and-functions Ministry for the Environment. (2016). Resource Management Act. Retrieved from https://www.mfe.govt.nz/rma Smith, S. (1999). Natural Resource Management in New Zealand : Lessons for New South Wales. Retrieved from https://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/researchpapers/Documents/natural-resource-management-in-new-zealand-lesso/13-99.pdf

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Processes of Individualization and Responsibilisation in the Risk Society

To a large extent, the future development of humankind is defined by the way young generations view the world and shape it accordingly. Youth, or adolescents, are characterized by a peculiar state of transition between childhood and adulthood, when physical and psychological immaturity does not allow functioning as complete members of society.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Processes of Individualization and Responsibilisation in the Risk Society specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More At the same time, during the period of youth, adolescents are in a constant state of becoming somebody: â€Å"becoming an adult, becoming a citizen, becoming independent, becoming autonomous, becoming mature, becoming responsible† (Kelly 2001, p. 30). Since the youth are generally considered not to possess sufficient wisdom to make the right personal, social, educational and other choices, they are guided by more credible educatio nal authorities. Especial attention is paid to the so-called youth ‘at risk’, who are governed through a range of official interventional measures widely debated in modern debate on educational policies. The notion of risk plays one of the key roles in modern society that views risk as anything that prevents a normal functioning of individual within the accepted social institutions. The ways people define the course of their lives is through making choices, and it is only through the right choices that a socially accepted life is possible. Risk results from making wrong choices; therefore, individual decision making is extremely significant since it forms the basis for absence or presence of risk (Kelly 2001, p. 26). One of the major risks for the youth within the educational system is seen in failing to complete senior secondary education (te Riele 2006, p. 134). The number of risk factors that leads to this failure is vast and comprises, inter alia, such factors as pe rsonal or individual qualities, family situation, social background, and school peculiarities (te Riele 2006, p. 134). However, according to Kelly, governmental attempts at managing youth ‘at risk’ are based on the idea that the youth and their families should be held responsible for their decisions in the first instance (Kelly 2001, p. 30–31). The special category of youth ‘at risk’ is viewed as resulting from ‘risk families’ (Tait 1995, p. 2). Accordingly, governmental management of youth ‘at risk’ is carried out through standardization and responsibilization of the youth and their families classified as ‘at risk’. Attempting to determine the significance of risk in modern society, Peter Kelly views risk as a â€Å"technique† for governmental control (Kelly 2001, p. 23). Labeling a part of society as ‘risk’ brings forward the necessity of managing such ‘at risk’ social group by official governmental interventions.Advertising Looking for essay on social sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More By dividing society into ‘at risk’ and non-risk government gets the opportunity for creating a powerful concept of deviance, incompatibility, and non-conformity that should be eliminated through immediate action. The abstract concept of risk thus penetrates in everyday life of youth ‘at risk’ and serves as a â€Å"technique to regulate the behaviors and dispositions of young people† (Kelly 2001, p. 25). As such, it appears that risk discourses lead society to imposing certain limitation on the representatives of youth ‘at risk’ so that the latter conform to the standard requirements of social life. This process of limitation and restriction is carried out via recognized social institutions, such as schools, and basically aims at bringing youth ‘at riskâ€℠¢ in compliance with the general requirements, or at standardization of youth ‘at risk’. In connection with standardization, government treats the problem of transition to adulthood by youth ‘at risk’ by employing the process of responsibilization. Since risk results from improper decision making, youth ‘at risk’ should be aware of the right and the wrong choices available, as well as they should recognize the possible consequences of wrong decisions. Once youth are viewed as those who shape the future, youth ‘at risk’ are accordingly considered as those jeopardizing that future by their wrong choices (Kelly 2001, p. 30). In order to diminish the risk situations possibly brought about by youth ‘at risk, government considers it necessary to conduct the so-called responsibilization of youth ‘at risk’, so that the latter recognize their significant role in shaping the future. The process of responsibilization of you th ‘at risk’ involves both youth and their families, and thus there are two social components responsible for emergence or absence of risk in society: youth and their families (Kelly 2001, p. 30). Responsibilization of youth and their families is viewed as a means of normalizing and stabilizing the youth ‘at risk’ â€Å"as rational, choice-making citizens (to-be), who are responsible for their life chances through the choices they make with regard to school, career, relationship, substance use, etc.† (Kelly 2001, p. 30). Therefore, as a result of such responsibilization as an â€Å"inclusive technology of government†, it is expected that youth ‘at risk’ enter the realm of collective security based on social responsibility (Kelly 2001, p. 27). The debate on the aforementioned ways of governance over youth ‘at risk’ emphasizes, that the vision of youth ‘at risk’ and the means of managing them are not as tra nsparent and comprehensive as it may seem. On the one hand, risk discourses suggest that youth ‘at risk’ constitute a deviant minority of society, whereas real life practice shows it is rather a social majority (te Riele 2006, p. 129). Therefore, the marginalization of youth ‘at risk’ by risk discourses distorts the true state of affairs. On the other hand, risk discourses emphasize the necessity for intervention with the youth ‘at risk’ and their families as the major source of misbalance and possible deviance. However, there exist a big number of other risk factors that may influence the behaviour of youth ‘at risk’.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Processes of Individualization and Responsibilisation in the Risk Society specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Therefore, the necessity for governmental intervention into family matters appears as â€Å"blaming the vi ctim† rather as an act of help (te Riele 2006, p. 138). Instead of tackling the objective side of the issue, risk discourses lead to practicing a one-sided marginalizing and stigmatizing approach to youth ‘at risk’. The politics of social regulation suggested by modern risk discourse appear to be incomplete and to focus on only one of the possible reasons for emergence of youth ‘at risk’. Governmental attempts at preventing the possible future risks through dealing with the personal and familial issues of youth ‘at risk’ should be reconsidered so that the problem is tackled from another point of view. Rather than adjusting the youth ‘at risk’ to the existing educational system, it could prove more reasonable to reconsider the education itself. The result of such flexible policy would be satisfying the requirements of modern youth, of which youth ‘at risk’ constitute a convincing majority. Once government recogniz es that youth ‘at risk’ are not a marginalized minority, the problem of eliminating social risks can be solved more efficiently. Reference List Kelly, P. (2001) Youth at Risk: Processes of Individualization and Responsibilisation in the Risk Society. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 22(1), 22-33. te Riele, K. (2006) Youth ‘At Risk’: Further Marginalizing the Marginalized? Journal of Education Policy, 21(2), 129-45. Tait, G. (1995) Shaping the At-Risk Youth: Risk, Governmentality and the Finn Report. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 16(1), 123-43. This essay on Processes of Individualization and Responsibilisation in the Risk Society was written and submitted by user Molly Flores to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.